January 's Birthstone
is the Garnet
These rich red gems have long been prized
by ancient peoples of Samaria and Egypt, Scandinavia and Greece, having
been discovered in Bronze Age talismans and millennia-old signet rings.
Bearing supposed medicinal purposes, the stone was buried with mummies to
protect the dead and illuminate the passing of the soul; and kept close as
a curative for poisons in the Middle Ages.
Garnet is considered to be a powerful purifier of the bodyís energies,
cleansing toxins from both physical form and spirit. Within its renewing
embrace, oneís soul may be healed, or a broken relationship mended and
Legend states that Noah hung garnet in the rafters of the Ark to light his
path during his dark and troubled times. Eastern Indians rubbed garnet
across their bodies to gain its glowing qualities, and the Mayans and
Aztecs used garnet to heal and enlighten their people.
Not all Garnet is red! Above is Green
Garnet from West Africa
Zanzibar sells a wide selection of fine
Garnet jewelry, including Garnet Earrings, Garnet Pendants, Garnet
Necklaces and Garnet Bracelets, starting under $25.00
group includes a group of minerals that have been used since the Bronze
Age as gemstones and abrasives. The name "garnet" comes from the Latin
granatus ("grain"), possibly a reference to the Punica granatum
("pomegranate"), a plant with red seeds similar in shape, size, and color
to some garnet crystals.
While many people think a garnet is a garnet, there are actually six
common types of garnet that are recognized based on their chemical
composition. They are pyrope, almandine, spessartite, grossular (varieties
of which are hessonite or cinnamon-stone and tsavorite), uvarovite and
andradite. The garnets make up two solid solution series: 1.
pyrope-almandine-spessarite and 2. uvarovite-grossular-andradite.
Visit our gallery to see dozens of
earrings, pendants, bracelets and necklaces set in sterling silver with
the finest garnet stones.
Garnets species are found in
many colors including red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, brown,
black, pink and colorless. The rarest of these is the blue garnet,
discovered in the late 1990s in Bekily, Madagascar. It is also found in
parts of the United States, Russia and Turkey. It changes color from
blue-green in the daylight to purple in incandescent light, as a result of
the relatively high amounts of vanadium (about 1 wt.% V2O3). Other
varieties of color-changing garnets exist. In daylight, their color ranges
from shades of green, beige, brown, gray, and blue, but in incandescent
light, they appear a reddish or purplish/pink color. Because of their
color changing quality, this kind of garnet is often mistaken for
Garnet speciesís light transmission properties can range from the
gemstone-quality transparent specimens to the opaque varieties used for
industrial purposes as abrasives. The mineralís luster is categorized as
vitreous (glass-like) or resinous (amber-like).